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SATII美国历史主线资料之debate overslavery

2016-09-02 11:19

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    以下就是100留学SAT为大家带来SATII美国历史主线资料之debateoverslavery ,希望对各位考生的备考有所帮助:


Missouri compromise of 1820:

Cause: probable breakup of sectional balance in senate; Missouri as the first state in LP-may influencefuture states; talladge amendment ignite sectional debate;


Content: maine free, Missourislave, 36 30;


Consequence: sectionalbalance and subsided tension until 1850; sectionalism damaged good feeling;


Jacksonian democracy (1824-1844):

Universal malesuffrage and equal opportunity for all white males; excluded democracy fromblacks;

Jackson personallyas a slave owner; helped to stop anti slavery literature from being sent bymail


Concern over expansionism: (1830-1860)

Texas: initiallydenied to annex because northerner oppose to the addition of another slavestate


Mexican cession: opposedby whigs as means to expand slavery; regarded as southern slave power’sconspiracy


Wilmot proviso:arouse sectionalism debate


Latin America as territory for agriculture and slavery: Ostend manifesto (antislavery member incong and abolitionist public oppose secret treaty to purchase cuba from sp);walker expedition(privately occupied nicaragua for slavery society; defeated bylatin Americans)


Abolition movement(1820-1860):

Background: greatawakening convince northerners that slavery is a sin; start of radicalabolitionism


Banish slave as burden: American colonization society(racist-white societyw/out blacks; antislavery reformists)


Radical abolitionism: Williamlloyd garrison(the liberator; abolition immediately without pension; Americanantislavery society); liberty party(political campaign and legal means toabolish); Frederick douglass(the north star; immediately end racism andslavery); slave escape(harriet tubman);


Violent abolitionism:nat turner revolt; david walker(rebel to abolish)


Era of crisis (1848-1861):

Conflicts: Generalpattern: slavery in new territories


Anti-slavery and northern: Wilmot proviso & free-soil movement(repeal compro of 20; break balance in house; no slavery expansion, not toabolish); underground railroad & harriet tubman(help slaves to escape); abolitionistliterature(uncle toms’ cabin and harriet beecher stowe; inpending crisis of thesouth); JB raid harpers ferry(intended slave rebellion failed; south thoughtnorth will destroy their life style)


Pro-slavery and southern: General patten(take restraint onexpansion of slavery as north means to destroy their legal property rights andlifestyle); fugitive slave law (resisted by northern abolitionists, aggrievedboth sides; fugitive slave cases under fed gov jurisdiction, denied trial byjury); dred scott v. Sandford(AA noncitizen; compro 20 uncons; no ban slaveryin new territory; north exacerbate, suspect slave power); proslavery literature(sociology for the south, cannibals all- attack north wage system)


Bleeding Kansas:antislavery (free-soilers organized new England emigrant aid company- freetransport to Kansas; john brown raid pottawatomie creek); proslavery(Missouriansestablished legislature Lecompton; attack free-soil Lawrence town; brooks canedsenator sumner; Lecompton constitution-failed in cong); effect (growing passionand tension on both sides)


Compromise:

Popularsovereignty (lewis cass; compro on new territory slavery)

Compromise of1850(caused by cali admit as free state; henry clay; cali free state, utal andNM pop sovereignty, ban comlumbia slave trade, harsh fugitive slave law; Stephendouglas helped to pass the bill separately; bring controversy in future)

Kansas-nebraskaact(cause by stephen douglas’ plan to build continental railroad- compromisewith south; popular sovereignty in mexico cession; repeal compro of 20; renewedsectional controversy)


    以上就是100留学为大家带来SATII美国历史主线资料之immigrants ,更多SATII备考内容,请继续关注100留学教育。


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