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SATII美国历史主线资料之before founding thenation

2016-09-02 11:19

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    以下就是100留学SAT为大家带来SATII美国历史主线资料之beforefounding thenation,希望对各位考生的备考有所帮助:


French and indian wars(1756-1763):

Background: series ofwars btw br, fr and sp; fr and in war as the last stage; br and fr mobilizedtroops to colonies to fight, together w/ colonial forces;


Cause: fr buildingforts in ohio river; dispute on control of ohio river


Albany plan of union: failedcoordination of colonies to fight the war; Benjamin franklin;


Treaty of paris: doomof fr am; GB domination in am; col relation w/ br(br view col as unable todefend themselves; col pride of themselves and not impressed by br);


Result: war debt-suspend salutary neglect and heavy tax; low opinions btw br and col;


NA: Pontiac’srebellion; proclamation of 1763- prevent NA aggression, col anger and defiance


Suspension ofsalutary neglect:

Background: br needto control expanded am territories; war debts;


Col view: violationof liberty and representative gov;


First round of acts(1763-1766):

sugar act of 1764;quatering act of 65; stamp act of 65(first direct tax; stamp act congress; Patrickhenry “no taxation w/out repres”; formation of sons of liberty-intimidate taxagents; boycott compelled to repeal); declaratory act of 66’’;


Second round ofcrisis-townshend(1767-1773):

Townshendacts(various tax on import to pay crown official; writ of assistance); result(lettersfrom a farmer in Pennsylvania-john dikinson; Massachusetts circularletter-james otis+Samuel adams; boycott+repeal); boston massacre;


Third round ofcrisis-intolerable acts(1763-war):

cause (committees of correspondence; gaspee incident;tea act+ boston tea party-the only direct cause); intolerable acts (port act; Massachusettsgov act; administration of justice act; quebec act); result(first continentalcongress);


1st CC:

Background: coerciveacts; how should col react; no desire for independence;


Actions: Suffolkresolves+repeal, boycott; declaration of rights and grievances;


Revolutionary war(1775-1783):

Cause: enlightenment philosophy(rationalism; john locke-humanrights and revolt aga gov; deism); 1st CC(king declare massachusettsin rebellion);


Battles: Lexington andconcord(br seize col mili supply; minutemen); bunker hill(br heavy loss); battleof Saratoga(win fr alliance-decisive in am victory); yorktown(surrender);


2nd CC:during war; military(declaration of the causes and necessities for taking up arms;GW commander in chief of colonial army); peace efforts(olive branch petition;cause prohibitory act); commonsense-thomas paine(during the time of 2ndCC; mobilize pub opinion); declaration of inde(TJ); AoC

Participants:patriots(NE militia+AA); loyalists(tories, NA, wealthier, emigrate out of am,paid debts according to paris treaty);


Economy:papermoney(continentals; inflation);


Treaty of paris(1783): independence;miss as boundary; fishing rights; pay loyalists debts;


Confederacy government era(1783-1789):

Background: 2ndCC define powers of new central government; states write new constitutions forstates’ legislature ratification;

States’ constitution: lists of rights(basic rights andfreedoms aga abuse of power); separation of powers(two house legislature;executive-governor; judicial- courts; aga tyranny); voting(property whitemale);

AoC: drafter(john Dickinson;modified by cong- state power); gov structure(unicameral single branch cong; 1vote/ state; 9/13 for laws; 13/13 for amendment); strength(war; treaty;diplomacy; borrow money); weakness(no regulation of commerce; no tax; noenforcement of laws);


Accomplishment of AoC gov: land ordinance of 85; northwest ordinance of 1787(ohio old NWstatehood);


Failure of AoC gov: financial(debtsunpaid; worthless paper money; no taxation for national need); foreign(littlerespect for AoC gov; occupation of am west); domestic(shay’s rebellion; crushedby state);


Social change: abolitionof aristocratic titles; separation of church and state;

Women: war contribution(noncombatantrole; maintain colonial economy; ran farm and business during war; warproduction);


Slavery: abolished innorth(aga equality); maintained in south(rationalization- necessary foreconomy);


    以上就是100留学为大家带来SATII美国历史主线资料之before founding thenation,更多SATII备考内容,请继续关注100留学教育。


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