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SATII美国历史主线资料之business& working class

2016-09-02 11:19

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    以下就是100留学SAT为大家带来SATII美国历史主线资料之business&working class,希望对各位考生的备考有所帮助:


First industry revolution(1820-1860):

Background: marketrevolution created many wealthy people; gap btw poor and rich widened


Juvenile unions: onlydemand for 10 h work day; U.S labor party- first organized labor;


Obstacles and accomplishment: met obstacles such as immi scab, state injunction;commonwealth v. hunt-union rights; 10 h day get passed in most states


Am Second industrial revolution(1865-1900): probusiness
background: concentrationof wealth on rich industrialists; supple labor and violent competition forfactory job; low wages; pro business gov


Labor discontent:dull factory work; dangerous working condition; compact working scheduleaccording to clock; frequent change of jobs


Anti-union: methodsto curtail strike(lockout; scabs; blacklist; yellow-dog contracts; troops;injunction); public fear(anarchy and over-radical; haymarket strike persuadedpublic its violence and danger); gov’s pro-business policy


Organizing unions:national labor union(inclusive); knights of labor (inclusive; radical andreformist; declined after haymarket strike); AFL (Samuel gompers; practicalgoals; skilled)


Strike and strike breaking: great railroad strike of 1877(regional to national; crushed by troops;hayes’ term); homestead strike(US steel; defeated by scabs and troops); Pullmanstrike(sleeping car boycott; American RR union and Eugene debs; defeated bycourt injunction; in re debs)


Gilded age (1877-1900)

Favored businessover labors(laizz-faire economy;

Other policies(inter state commerce act-cleveland; )


Progressive era(1901-1918):

TR Square deal: forlabor(favor neither business or unions: anthracite coal miners’ strike,mediation btw two sides)


Trustbusting: enforcementsfor Sherman antitrust; busted northern securities company (bad); regulate goodtrusts


RR regulation: empowerICC; elkins act; Hepburn act


Taft Progressive legislations: Mann-Elkins Act(ICC regulate RR and communication);16th income tax


WWI(1914-1919):

Union membershipincreased(national war labor board made concessions during the war; wage rose;less hours)


Post WWI distrust towards unions:

Origin (consistentstrikes render public view against unions)


Strikes: bostonpolice strike and calvin Coolidge; us steel corporation strike(violent crashbtw workers and troops)


1920s: pro-business;union movement lay backward

Companies openshop and applied welfare capitalism; removing the need for unions; failedstrikes


Great depression(1929-1939)

FDR’s pro-labor administration:(Wagner act; NLRB-empower wagner act; workers becomedemo new coalition)


Legalized union: (wagneract; National Industrial Recovery Act-)

Union membershipupward


Formation of CIO: (splitfrom AFL-which required skilled labor; CIO organize unskilled and minorities;John lewis as leader)

Strikes: (GM plant inflint-sit down strike, company made concession to labors; US Steel Corp strikein Chicago- suppressed by police)


Labor political victory: fair labor standards act(regulate interstate commerce businesses-minwage, max hour, restrict child labor)


WWII(1939-1945):

Agreement btw corporations and unions-nostrikes(smith-connally anti-strike act of 1943-gov takeover); huge benefits forindustrialists(cost-plus system); constant wage for workers(office of priceadministration OPA; worker discontent)


Cold war(1945-1952):

Strikes inrailroad and mine workers, for the rise of wage after prolonged wage control;such as united mine workers; however, finally suppressed by troops


Pro-business eightieth repub cong: taft-hartley act(check union power)


Eisenhower years(1952-1960):

More powerfulunion: merger of AFL and CIO;


    以上就是100留学为大家带来SATII美国历史主线资料之business& working class,更多SATII备考内容,请继续关注100留学教育。


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