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SATII美国历史主线资料之civil right

2016-09-02 11:19

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    以下就是100留学SAT为大家带来SATII美国历史主线资料之civil right,希望对各位考生的备考有所帮助:


Civil war(1861-1865):

Emancipation proclamation: didn’t free slaves;


Thirteenth amendment: abolishslavery; recruit black soldiers in segregated units;


Continued economichardship and political oppression after war


Reconstruction (1865-1877)


Presidentialreconstruction(1863-1866):under black code(cannot own land; no testify in court); relegated to contract-laborsystem under white suppression


Congressional reconstruction(1866-1872): civil rights for blacks(civil rights actof 1866/14th- citizenship and state protection of civil rights; 15th-enfranchisefreedman; civil rights act of 1875-equal accommodations, very weak);


Black society: black communities(independent black churches-negro Baptist,African Methodist; black schools); sharecropping(not independent; in debt; “servitude”under land owner; remained poor farmers after recons)

Post reconstruction(1877-1900):

Enchroachment of civil rights: background(demo redeemers); segregation(civil rightscases of 1883-allow private discrimination; plessy v ferguson-separate butequal; jim crow laws; voting rights-literacy tests, poll taxes, grandfatherclauses); other discrimination (lynch; out of skilled jobs)


Resistance: avoidracism (international migration society-back to Africa); BTW(economy selfreliance; Tuskegee; national negro business league; exposition in Atlanta; WEBD B)


Pop culture: emergenceof jazz; not allowed in league sports


Progressive era(1901-1918):

ignored by progressivemovement; civil rights advocated by themselves


Background: plessy v.ferguson(separate but equal); deteriorated civil rights since reconstruction;mass migration from south to north for jobs and equality


BT Washington: economicself reliance; Tuskegee institute; Atlanta exposition


WEB D B: civilrights; Niagara movement; NAACP


Organizations: NAACP;national urban league(economic self reliance);


Race riots during WWI:tensions grow in northern cities due to great migration


WWI: great migrationto north and took factory works; jobs took back after war; segregated in WWIarmy


1920s: racial statuselevation

Harlem renaissance:NY; jazz music(ellington Armstrong); poets(hughs); black nationalism andseparatism(marcus garvey); web and NAACP


Great depression(1929-1939): Last hired, first fired

New deal policy: excludedfrom state and local relief programs

Little improvement thanksto new deal: some relief for AA with low paying jobs in WPA and CCC but oftensegregated

Gain positions inpresidential cabinet


Marian anderson’s(AA singer) concert: Eleanor roosevelt organized for Anderson a concert atLincoln memorial


Mcleod Bethune: federalcouncil on negro affairs- increase AA involve in New Deal


Fair employment practicescommittee: minorities gain jobs in defense industries


WWII(1939-1945):

Great migration: leaverural south for pacific coast and northern war industry jobs; tensions incities caused race riots


AA soldiers: segregatedand discriminated; double V(fascism and rasicm)


Organizations: NAACP;CORE(congress of racial equality; smith v. allwright-vote in primaries right)


Cold war (1945-1952): rise of black rights by president truman

Committee on civil rightsin 1946- first presidential effort against racial discrimination


Civil right division ofjustice department-end segregation; end racial dis in federal departments andarmy


Fair employment practice commission: equal hire of AA


Civil rights movement(…-1965-1968): truman, ike, kennedy and LBJ

Background and demography:

White flight from city tosuburb; blacks great migration from rural south to urban city; civil rights ascold war policy- spread of democracy;


Presidents:

Truman: see above


Ike: uphold AA kidsintegrate little rock central high school by fed troops; civil rights act of 57and 60(not effective)


Kennedy: notsuccessful in civil rights domestic policy; not willing to sacrificeconstituencies in south to boost civil rights; Meredith enroll in U miss by fedtroops;


LBJ: civil rights actof 1964; voting rights act of 1965; 24th amendment-abolish poll tax;


Nonviolence Organizations:

General pattern:


NAACP-legal approach:brown v. board of education of Topeka; morgan v. Virginia-freedom riders;


MLK & SCLC-nonviolence, strategicconfrontation: MLK andchurch leaders; diplomatic-pres, gov; Montgomery bus boycott-rosa parks+mlk; freedomriders; march on Washington(1963)-civil rights act of 64, I have a dream; marchto mongomery(1965); Selma;


SCNN-nonviolence confrontational: students and student leader; willing to confront; Greensboroboys sit-in; Selma; march on Washington; freedom summer;


Others:

Jackie robinson: AAbaseball player in major league


Successful legislations: civil rights laws of 1957 and 1960+ civil rights commission(notsuccessful); civil rights act of 64; 24th amend; voting rights actof 65;

---------------------------after1965, violence---------------------------


Violent Civil rights movement(1965-1968)

Black muslim and Malcolm X: (initiated from marcus garvey)

black nationalism- racepride, connection to Africa; separatism; self improvement; self defense-willingto use violence;


black power and race riots:

SNCC later turnedviolent- black power and racial separatism;

Black panthers- violentand socialist; black nationalism; burn baby burn;


Watts riot: prove legislation establishments did not fundamentallychange AA situation; broken new deal coalition; continued white flight w/faster speed


Memphis murder: killMLK; arouse riots everywhere


Cause of riots: Kernercommission-racism+segregation

FOR COMPARISON BTWVIOLENT & NONVIOLENT-SEE NOTEBOOK


1970s: cultural pluralism and minorityrights

Hispanic am: unity ofHispanic am regardless of generation and nationality; united workorganizations+boycott- collective bargain rights for farm workers;


NA movement: AIM(self-determination and revive tribal traditions; militantaction-occupy wounded knee); success(Indian self determination act of1975-grant local and tribal control);


Gay liberation: stonewallinn(police raid on gay bar; sparked riot and gay rights movement); success(nolonger discriminated as disease or in fed employment);


    以上就是100留学为大家带来SATII美国历史主线资料之civil right,更多SATII备考内容,请继续关注100留学教育。


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