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SAT核心词汇练习题(1)-PRAGMATIC

2016-09-13 15:31



以下就是100留学SAT为大家带来SAT核心词汇练习题(1)-PRAGMATIC,希望对各位考生的备考有所帮助:

(1) 2008.01-S2-5

Because all members of this organization are idealists, they___ any assertion that political enterprises should be purely_____

A. ignore, universal

B. criticize, visionary

C. condemn, benevolent

D. denounce, pragmatic

E. condone, indulgent


(2) 2008.01-S5-15

“You see,” he explained, “I consider that aman’s brain originally is like a little empty attic, and you have to stock itwith such furniture as you choose. A fool takes in all the lumber of every sortthat he comes across, so that the knowledge which might be useful to him getscrowded out, or at best is jumbled up with a lot of other things, so that hehas a difficulty in laying his hands upon it. Now the skillful workman is verycareful indeed as to what he takes into his brain-attic. He will have nothingbut the tools which may help him in doing his work, but of these he has a largeassortment, and all in the most perfect order. It is a mis­take to think thatthat little room has elastic walls and can distend to any extent. Depend uponit there comes a time when for every addition of knowledge you forget somethingthat you knew before. It is of the highest importance, therefore, not to haveuseless facts elbowing out die useful ones.”

“But the solar system!” I protested.

“What the deuce is it to me?” he interruptedimpatiently. “You say that we go round the sun. If we went round the moon itwould not make a pennyworth of difference to me or to my work.”

QThe friend’sattitude toward the acquisition of knowledge as described above is bestcharacterized as

A. open-minded

B. pragmatic

C. delighted

D. disillusioned

E. apathetic


(3) During the late nineteenth century in theUnited States, many people thought it improper for a woman to be a professionalartist. Alice Barber Stephens got around this prejudice: she succeeded as abook and magazine illustrator by creating art and conducting business withpublishers and authors from borne. She sold engravings to national magazinesand illustrated the books of many novelists, including Louisa May Alcott andNathaniel Hawthorne. As a young woman, Stephens studied at the PennsylvaniaSchool of the Fine Arts, a member of the first class to admit women. She petitionedfor nude drawing classes for women, later instituting such a class at an artschool for women. She also founded an organization that fought prejudiceagainst women artists.

QWhich of thefollowing best characterizes Alice Barber Stephens?

A. materialist and aesthete

B. perfectionist and egotist

C. pragmatist and activist

D. dreamer and revolutionary

E. celebrity and philanthropist


(4) The painting couldn’t glow, asit wanted to—it needed a vast, empty room and a great distance in front of it.One day, I hoped, I’d take it back to Cumberland and find a house there whereit could settle happily. But when, after thirty years, we found that house, thepainting was failed again. The walls were no bigger and neither were the rooms.So I sold the painting and bought another, smaller Sheila Fell.  


It was a terrible mistake. The momentthe painting had been taken away I realized how stupid I’d been. So it had beenoverwhelming, too large, too dramatic to contain in either house but Ishouldn’t have let that matter, I should have found a way to keep it.

Q: “Itwas a terrible mistake” because the narrator:

A. had no other souvenirs of Cumberland

B. allowed pragmatic concerns to override herfondness for the painting

C. did not realize how valuable the paintingwould become to collectors

D. felt that she had betrayed Sheila Fell’strust

E. was unable to appreciate the smallerSheila Fell painting


(5)2006.01-S7-23

"High-speedinterstellar travel is so demanding of resources and so hazardous thatintelligent civilizations don't attempt it.” And why should they attempt it,when radio communication can supplyall the information they might want?

Q: “radiocommunication” is cited as a

A. complex interaction

B. technological relic

C. common occurrence

D. practical alternative

E. dramatic advance


答案:DBCBD

讲评:Pragmatic是表示从实际出发的,实用主义的,正好和idealistic(理想主义的,从主观出发的)是反义词,通过这些考题请考生们自己总结哪些情况下才是“pragmatic“?哪些又不是。而且pragmaticpractical意思是一样的,那么这两个单词是什么关系呢?在这里我们引出在词根中“ctg互变”(我的单词体系中形变体的一种,其他如t,d,s互变,f,v互变,u,v,w互变等),下面再举一些“ctg互变的例子:


prac-prag(实践)practicalpragmatic

fract-frag()fracturefractionfragilefragmentary

fact-fag()factionfag(吃力工作)

tact-tag(接触)contact, tactile, intactcontagious

tect-teg(接触)detectprotectintegrity, integral

tinct-ting(保持)distinctdistinguishextinctextinguish

flect-flex(弯曲)deflectreflectflexibility

flick-flig(轻弹)flickprofligate

tract-trag()tractable, subtract, detracttrager

pict-pig: picture, depictpigment

lect-leg(选择读)electselectlecturecollectcollective, neglectdialecteclectic(legitimizelegitimatelegibleelegantallegeprivilege,elegantnegligent,negligible(lect-lig音变体+形变体的结果)

lict-lig(选择)eliciteligibleintelligen

nect-nex()connectannex

lust-lux(光,豪华)lustrouslacklustrousluxurious

luct-lug (悲伤)reluctantlugubrious

tacttag(接触)tactileintactcontagious

doct-dog(形变体)-dox(音变体)理论:doctor/doctrinaire—dogma,paradox, orthodox, heterodox

sanct-sang() sanctity, sanctuary—sanguine

point-punct(音变体)pung(形变体)点,用针尖刺: punctual, punctilious, compunction— expunge,pungent



以上就是100留学为大家带来SAT核心词汇练习题(1)-PRAGMATIC,更多SAT备考内容,请继续关注100留学教育。


(文章内容摘选自《新SAT非官方指南》

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