首页 > SAT > SAT词汇 > 词汇练习 > 正文

SAT核心词汇练习题(2)-CONDESCENDING

2016-09-13 15:31


以下就是100留学SAT为大家带来SAT核心词汇练习题(2)-CONDESCENDING,希望对各位考生的备考有所帮助:

(1) 2005OG3-S3-23:

If the new art is not accessible to everyone,which certainly seems to be the case, this implies that its impulses are not ofa generically human kind. It is an art not for people in general but for aspecial class who may not be better but who are evidently different.


Before we go further, one point must beclarified. What is it that the majority of people call aesthetic pleasure? Whathappens in their minds when they “like” a work of art; for example, a play? Theanswer is easy. They like a play when they become interested in the humandestinies that are represented, when the love and hatred, the joys and sorrowsof the dramatic personages so move them that they participate in it all asthough it were happening in real life.


And they call a work “good” if it succeeds increating the illusion necessary to make the imaginary personages appear likeliving persons. In poetry the majority of people seek the passion and pain ofthe human being behind the poet.


Paintings attract them if they find in themfigures of men or women it would be interesting to meet.

It thus appears that to the majority ofpeople aesthetic pleasure means a state of mind that is essentially indistinguishablefrom their ordinary behavior. It differs merely in accidental qualities, beingperhaps less utilitarian, more intense, and free from painful consequences. Butthe object toward which their attention and, consequently, all their othermental activities are directed is the same as in daily life: people and passions.When forced to consider artistic forms proper—for example, in some surrealisticor abstract art—most people will only tolerate them if they do not interferewith their perception of human forms and fates. As soon as purely aestheticelements predominate and the story of John and Susie grows elusive, most peoplefeel out of their depth and are at a loss as to what to make of the scene, thebook, or the painting. A work of art vanishes from sight for a beholder whoseeks in that work of art nothing but the moving fate of John and Susie or  

Tristan and Isolde.


Unaccustomed to behaving in any mode exceptthe practical one in which feelings are aroused and emotional involvementensues, most people are unsure how to respond to a work that does not invitesentimental intervention.  


Now this is a point that has to be madeperfectly clear. Neither grieving nor rejoicing at such human destinies as thosepresented by a work of art begins to define true artistic pleasure; indeed,preoccupation with the human content of the work is in principle incompatiblewith aesthetic enjoyment proper.

Q: The author’s attitude toward the majorityof people can best be described as

A. genuinely puzzled

B. aggressively hostile

C. solemnly respectful

D. generally indifferent

E. condescendingly tolerant


(2) (2005版本OG-P677-S8-Q11)A condolatory smile, capping this enumeration, materialized on his lips; theletter was so inconsonant with the simplest precepts of strategy that itelicited a kind of pity, mingled with contempt and dry amusement.


Q: In context, Mulcahy’s “Condolatory smile”is most probably an expression of both

A. cynical skepticism and comical self-pity

B. sincere compassion and whimsical delight

C. profound surprise and delightedappreciation

D. bitter disappointment and sly criticism

E. condescending sympathy and amused scorn


(3) (2005OG-P873):(Lines12-14) They treat it condescendingly as a harmless but amusing example ofAmerican vulgarity—a kind of patriotic Disneyland

他们屈尊的认为W城堡只是一种有害但同时又有娱乐性的美国粗鄙现实的一个例子——一种爱国主义情调的迪斯尼而已。


答案:E E

解析:Condescending如果只是机械的背单词书,你会发现是屈尊的意思,所以像这种单词我们一定要通过一个语境来支撑:比如说乒乓球世界冠军马琳过来和我打乒乓球,我肯定是不愿意的,但他说他用左手而且不用球拍和我比赛,那么那时候马琳对我的态度,在我看来就是condescending,即表面上在帮我,但是其实是在蔑视我。


以上就是100留学为大家带来SAT核心词汇练习题(2)-CONDESCENDING,更多SAT备考内容,请继续关注100留学教育。


(文章内容摘选自《新SAT非官方指南》

100留学移动课堂出国留学语言培训专家
立即下载
移动课堂是100留学最新推出的“贴身学习伴侣”, 其中拥有名师直播、录播课程和名师答疑等多项服务。课堂可以为大家提供新的移动学习平台,让大家学习更方便,想学就学!
关注更多校区资讯,考试动态,满满的干货喂饱你!

考试提醒

查分:考后10个工作日
雅思在线MOCK系统

热门文章

编辑推荐