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SAT阅读purpose题(修辞目的类)解题技巧

2016-09-18 12:43

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阅读文章当中出现的目的题有的是基于整篇文章的,问的是这篇文章的目的是什么。有的是基于段落或句子的,询问段落或句子的目的是什么。此处我们探讨基于篇章的目的题。同理,涉及到整篇文章的题目,我们都要掌握文章的大意脉络,并在此基础上问自己:文本的目的是要说服读者吗?还是为了反驳什么观点?抑或只是介绍一种新观点?可以先试着自己描述下文本的目的。


以下就是100留学为大家带来的SAT阅读purpose题(修辞目的类)解题技巧,希望对各位的备考有所帮助:


请看下面的例子:

President Richard Nixon resigned his office on August 9, 1974.His decision followed the revelation that five men connected to the Nixonadministration were caught breaking into the headquarters of the opposingpolitical party. At the time of Nixon’s resignation, proceedings had alreadybegun in Congress to impeach him and seemed likely to succeed.


Good evening. This is the 37th time I havespoken to you

from this office, where so many decisions havebeen made

that shaped the history of this Nation. Eachtime I have done

so to discuss with you some matter that Ibelieve affected the

national interest. Throughout the long anddifficult period of

Watergate, I have felt it was my duty topersevere—to make

every possible effort to complete the term ofoffice to which

you elected me. In the past few days, however, it has become

evident to me that I nolonger have a strong enough political

base in the Congress tojustify continuing that effort. As long

as there was such a base, I felt strongly thatit was necessary

to see the constitutional process through toits conclusion;

that to do otherwise would be unfaithful to thespirit of that

deliberately difficult process, and adangerously destabilizing

precedent for the future. But with thedisappearance of that

base, I now believe that the constitutionalpurpose has been

served. And there is no longer a need for theprocess to be

prolonged.

I would have preferred to carry through to thefinish,

whatever the personal agony it would haveinvolved, and my

family unanimously urged me to do so. But theinterests of

the nation must always come before any personal

considerations. From the discussions I have hadwith

Congressional and other leaders I haveconcluded that

because of the Watergate matter I might nothave the support

of the Congress that I would consider necessaryto back the

very difficult decisions and carry out theduties of this office

in the way the interests of the nation willrequire.

I have never been a quitter. To leave officebefore my

term is completed is abhorrent to everyinstinct in my body.

But as President, I must put the interests ofAmerica first.

America needs a full-time President and afull-time

Congress, particularly at this time withproblems we face at

home and abroad. To continue to fight throughthe months

ahead for my personal vindication would almosttotally  

absorb the time and attention of both thePresident and the

Congress in a period when our entire focusshould be on the

great issues of peace abroad and prosperitywithout inflation

at home. Therefore,I shall resign the Presidency effective at

noon tomorrow. Vice President Ford will be sworn in as

President at that hour in this office.

By taking this action, I hope that I will havehastened the

start of that process of healing which is sodesperately

needed in America. I regret deeply any injuriesthat may

have been done in the course of the events thatled to this

decision. I would say only that if some of myJudgments

were wrong, and some were wrong, they were madein what

I believed at the time to be the best interestof the Nation.

As I recall the high hopes for America withwhich we

began this second term, I feel a great sadnessthat I will not

be here in this office working on your behalfto achieve those

hopes in the next two and a half years. But inturning over

direction of the Government to Vice PresidentFord, I know,

as I told the nation when I nominated him forthat office ten

months ago, that the leadership of Americawould be in good

hands.

So let us all now join together in affirming thatcommon

commitment and in helping our new Presidentsucceed for

the benefit of all Americans. I shall leavethis office with

regret at not completing my term but withgratitude for the

privilege of serving as your President for thepast five and a

half years. These years have been a momentoustime in the

history of our nation and the world. They havebeen a time of

achievement in which we can all be proud,achievements that

represent the shared efforts of theadministration, the

Congress and the people. But the challengesahead are

equally great. And they, too, will require thesupport and the

efforts of the Congress and the people, workingin

cooperation with the new Administration.

May God's grace be with you in all the daysahead.


题目:

Nixon’s primarypurpose in delivering this speech was most likely to

(A) ask the American public for theirforgiveness for his mistakes.

(B) announce his resignation and offer anexplanation to the public.

(C) condemn the press for trying him in thecourt of public opinion before all the facts were available.

(D) express his full confidence in VicePresident Ford.


解析:其实从文本斜体字的介绍内容部分,就可以得知这篇演讲与尼克松辞去美国总统职务相关。文中也在多出提及不得不辞去总统职务的局面,选项B合适。


Practice

This passage is adapted fromEdith Wharton, The House of

Mirth, originally publishedin 1905

Selden paused in surprise. In the afternoonrush of the

Grand Central Station his eyes had beenrefreshed by the

sight of Miss Lily Bart.



It was a Monday in early September, and he was

returning to his work from a hurried dip intothe country; but

what was Miss Bart doing in town at thatseason? If she had

appeared to be catching a train, he might haveinferred that

he had come on her in the act of transitionbetween one and

another of the country-houses which disputedher presence

after the close of the Newport season; but herdesultory air

perplexed him. She stood apart from the crowd,letting it

drift by her to the platform or the street, andwearing an air

of irresolution which might, as he surmised, bethe mask of a

very definite purpose. It struck him at oncethat she was

waiting for someone, but he hardly knew why theidea

arrested him. There was nothing new about LilyBart, yet he

could never see her without a faint movement ofinterest: it

was characteristic of her that she alwaysroused speculation,

that her simplest acts seemed the result offar-reaching

intentions.

An impulse of curiosity made him turn out ofhis direct

line to the door, and stroll past her. He knewthat if she did

not wish to be seen she would contrive to eludehim; and it

amused him to think of putting her skill to thetest.

“Mr. Selden—what good luck!”

She came forward smiling, eager almost, in herresolve to

intercept him. One or two persons, in brushingpast them,

lingered to look; for Miss Bart was a figure toarrest even the

suburban traveler rushing to his last train.

Selden had never seen her more radiant. Hervivid head,

relieved against the dull tints of the crowd,made her more

conspicuous than in a ball-room, and under herdark hat and

veil she regained the girlish smoothness, thepurity of tint,

that she was beginning to lose after elevenyears of late hours

and indefatigable dancing. Was it really elevenyears, Selden

found himself wondering, and had she indeedreached the

nine-and-twentieth birthday with which herrivals credited

her?

“What luck!” she repeated. “How nice of you tocome to

my rescue!”

He responded joyfully that to do so was hismission in

life, and asked what form the rescue was totake.

“Oh, almost any—even to sitting on a bench andtalking

to me. One sits out a cotillion—why not sit outa train? It

isn't a bit hotter here than in Mrs. VanOsburgh's

conservatory—and some of the women are not abit uglier.”

She broke off, laughing, to explain that shehad come up to

town from Tuxedo, on her way to the GusTrenors' at

Bellomont, and had missed the three-fifteentrain to

Rhinebeck. “And there isn't another tillhalf-past five.” She

consulted the little jeweled watch among herlaces. “Just two

hours to wait. And I don't know what to do withmyself. My

maid came up this morning to do some shoppingfor me, and

was to go on to Bellomont at one o'clock, andmy aunt's

house is closed, and I don't know a soul intown.” She

glanced plaintively about the station. “It ishotter than Mrs.

Van Osburgh's, after all. If you can spare thetime, do take

me somewhere for a breath of air.”

He declared himself entirely at her disposal:the

adventure struck him as diverting. As aspectator, he had

always enjoyed Lily Bart; and his course lay sofar out of her

orbit that it amused him to be drawn for amoment into the

sudden intimacy which her proposal implied.



题目1

Which of thefollowing provides the most reasonable summary of the passage?

(A) Two close friends meet to spend the daytogether.

(B) A traveler notices a woman actingsuspiciously.

(C) Two acquaintances unexpectedly run into oneanother.

(D) A couple prepare to board a train for aromantic getaway.


题目2

Selden’s attitudetowards Lily Bart is primarily one of

(A) attraction.

(B) fascination.

(C) disdain.

(D) pity.


题目3

Over the course ofthe passage, the main focus of the narrative shifts from the

(A) grim and suspicious attitude of onecharacter to the gregarious behavior of another.

(B) meticulous plans laid by one character tothe carefree adventures enjoyed by another.

(C) appreciation of abstract beauty to theenjoyment of living in the moment.

(D) private thoughts of one character aboutanother to a friendly interaction between the two.


答案:CBD


以上就是100留学为大家带来的SAT阅读purpose题(修辞目的类)解题技巧,更多SAT阅读考试技巧备考内容,请继续关注100留学。


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(文章内容摘选自
《新SAT非官方指南》


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