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SAT考试必备核心语法之介词

2016-09-23 15:44

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摘要:又称作前置词,表示名词、代词等与句中其他词的关系,在句子中不能单独作句子成分。


又称作前置词,表示名词、代词等与句中其他词的关系,在句子中不能单独作句子成分。


以下就是100留学为大家带来的SAT考试必备核心语法之介词,希望对各位的备考有所帮助


知识点1

表示方位的介词有in, on, to

In表示在某地范围内,to表示在某地范围内,on表示与某地相邻。如

Shanghailies in the east of China.

Japanlies to the east of China.

Mongolialies on the north of China.


知识点2

表示计量的介词有at, for, by

At 表示速度、价格,for 表示交换,以……为代价,by表示以……

It fliesat about 900 kilos an hour.

I soldmy car at a high price.

He soldthe car for 500 dollars.

Theypaid him by the month.

Hereeggs are sold by weight.


知识点3

表示材料的介词of, from, in

Of成品能够看出原料,from成品已经看不出原料,In表示某种语言或者材料。如

This boxis made of paper.

Wine ismade from grapes.

Pleasefill in the form in pencil first.

Theytalk in English

In指用材料不需要用冠词,而with表示用工具,要用冠词。比如

Draw inpencil/ draw with a pencil


知识点4

表示工具或手段的介词by, with, on

By表示用某种方式,多用于交通,with表示用某种工具,on表示以……方式,多用于固定词组。

I wentthere by bus. / I went there in a bus.

He brokethe window with a stone.

Theytalked on the telephone.

Shelearns English on the radio/on TV.


知识点5

表示关于的介词of, about, on
of
仅仅是提到或者谈到的某人或者某事,about是关于某人或者某事的较详细的情况,on关于学术性或者严肃的事情。

He spokeof the film the other day.

Hethought about his matter yesterday.

Can youtell me something about yourself?

It’s atextbook on the history of China.


知识点6

表示原因或者理由的介词for, at, from, of, with, by,because of

For表示原因,经常和sorry, famous, punish,praise, thank, blame连用,如

I amsorry for what I said to you.

At表示情感变化的原因,意思是听到或者看到而,如

He wassurprised at the news.

From表示外在的原因,比如车祸受伤等,如

He diedfrom the wound.

Of表示内在的原因,比如病,饿等,如

The oldman died of hunger.

With指生理上或者情感上的由外界到内心的原因,如

Hearingthe news, he jumped with joy.

He wasshaking with anger.

By表示外部的,尤其是暴力或者无意中造成的某种结果的原因。如

Her bodywas bent by age.

She tookyour umbrella by mistake.

Becauseof 表示引起结果的直接原因

Heretired last month because of illness/ because he ill.

Owing to表示某种不良后果的原因,如

Owing tothe rain they could not come.

Thanksto表示引起某种幸运结果的原因,如

Thanksto John, we won the game.

Out of表示动机的起因,可以看做处于

He askedthe question out of curiosity.

Through表示因为局部原因影响全局

The warwas lost through bad organization.


知识点7

表示好像或者当做的介词有like, as

Like表示……一样,其实是不是as”作为,其实也是

Peterthe Great, like his country, was strong and proud.

Hetalked to me as a father.


知识点8

表示支持或者反对的介词for, against

Are youfor my idea or against it?


知识点9

表示除了某人或者某物之外的介词besides,except

Besides是包括后面提到的人或物在内的……以外

Thirtystudents went to the cinema besides him.

He isinterested in tennis besides football.

Except 是指不包括后面所提到的人或物在内的除去,如

Everyoneis excited except me.

All thevisitors are Japanese except him.

注意except通常和表示全体的allevery连用,如果与other连用,只能用Besides

He hadother people to take care of besides me.

Except 是排除同类,except for是排除非同类。如

Thecomposition is very good except for a few spelling mistakes.


以上就是100留学为大家带来的SAT考试必备核心语法之介词,更多SAT阅读考试技巧备考内容,请继续关注100留学。

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(文章内容摘选自《新SAT非官方指南》


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